The Healthy Company (Financial Ratios)

Financial Ratio Analysis

1. Gross profit margin (%) =   Gross Profit/ Revenue

  1. Used to measure the profitability on products/services by comparing the gross profit (net sales – cost) against the net sales.
  2. It should be aligned with the mark-up margin as imposed by the Company.
  3. Ideal scenario: This will vary by business and industry. Generally, more than 40% indicating Company has the ability to manage its cost effectively.

2. Net profit margin (%) =  Profit Before Tax/ Revenue

  1. Used to measure the profitability on business by comparing the net profit against the net sales.
  2. All expenses including interest will be taken into consideration in deriving the net profit.
  3. Ideal scenario: Consistently growth in net profit for Company, 10% considered average while 20% and above considered high (or good).

3. Current ratio (x : y) = Current assets : Current liabilities

  1. Used to determine if the Company will have enough capital to cover all the current liabilities.
  2. Ideal ratio is 2:1. Although this will vary by business and industry, a number above 2 may indicate a poor use of capital. A current ratio under 2 may indicate an inability to pay current financial obligations with a measure of safety.

4Working capital (RM) = Current assets – Current liabilities

  1. Used to measure balance of working capital for Company after deducting all the current liabilities.
  2. Ideal scenario: Positive working capital indicating Company has the ability to pay current financial obligations with a measure of safety.

5. Gearing ratio (%)  =  Debt/ Networth (Equity)

  1. Used to indicate how much debt used to finance the business by comparing against net worth/equity.
  2. Ideal scenario: Less than 50% indicating Company is in good financial shape to manage its debt

6. Return on equity (%) = Profit before tax/ Networth (Equity)

  1. Used to measure % of return for every single RM invested into the Company.
  2. Ideal scenario: ROE consistently at 15% and above indicating Company has the ability to deploy its investors’ funds effectively.

7. Cash flow = Cash flow/ Profit Before Tax

  1. Used to measure % of cash flow for Company by comparing the amounts earned in profit.
  2. Ideal scenario: Ideal ratio is 100%. If lesser than 100% meaning Company takes in less cash and cash equivalents than what it earns in profits.

Remarks:

Want to know your company’s health? Click on the calculator link below to find out;

Financial Ratio Calculator

Categories